Online Companion: Introduction to Early Childhood Education, 5e

Chapter 13: Social Development through the Curriculum

Experiences Questions
Instructions: Refer to the Experiences features in the text to answer the following questions.

1. Do you think infants can form friendships? What experiences have you had with this?

2. Describe how Matt and Jared were developing social competence.

3. How does the child care environment place very young children in the unique position of getting to know their peers very well so the magic of friendship can evolve?

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Study Questions

THEORETICAL VIEWS OF THE SOCIALIZATION PROCESS
Discuss how the following theories explain socialization:
The constructivist view of socialization

 

The behaviorist view of socialization

 

The Vygotskyan view of socialization

 

 

DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL COMPETENCE
On what does the opportunity to develop multicultural acceptance depend?

 

 

Peer Interaction
Why is peer interaction an essential ingredient in the process of childhood socialization?

 

 

What is the adultís role in peer interaction?

 

 

Mixed-Age Grouping
Explain how mixed-age grouping can benefit both younger and older children.

 

 

Friendship
How do friendships develop?

 

 

What does research tell us about friendships?

 

 

Gender Role Development
What does research tell us about gender role development?

 

 

What causes sex cleavage?

 

 

How does awareness of sex differences develop?

 

 

List some guidelines for nonsexist teaching.

 

 

Racial and Cultural Awareness and Attitudes
How do children acquire racial and cultural awareness and attitudes?

 

 

How do stereotypes and prejudices form?

 

 

List some guidelines for teaching about race and culture.

 

 

Sensitivity Toward People with Disabilities
How can sensitivity toward people with disabilities be fostered?

 

 

Moral Development
What is moral development?

 

 

How can morality be enhanced?

 

 

Critique Piagetís and Kohlbergís stages of moral development.

 

 

What does Damonís research tell us about moral development?

 

 

List some guidelines for promoting moral development.

 

 

Development of Prosocial Behaviors
How do prosocial behaviors develop?

 

 

 

SOCIODRAMATIC PLAY
Describe how the development of positive social traits is fostered in dramatic and sociodramatic play.

 

 

How can sociodramatic play be planned to focus on a theme?

 

 

 

COOPERATIVE GAMES
How can cooperation be enhanced in the early childhood setting?

 

 

What is the rationale for cooperative games?

 

 

List some examples of cooperative games for preschoolers.

 

 

How can the environment be set up to encourage cooperation?

 

 

SUPPORTING SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT IN INFANTS AND TODDLERS
Discuss how the social development of infants and toddlers can be supported.

 

 

SUPPORTING SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT IN SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN
Discuss how the social development of school-age children can be supported.

 

 

SUPPORTING SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT IN CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES
Discuss how the social development of children with disabilities can be supported.

 

 

REFLECTING THE FAMILYíS CULTURE AND VALUES
What type of communication between families and teachers benefits socialization?

 

 

What does the Anti-Bias Curriculum suggest?

 

 

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Web Activity

Visit the Web site www.preschooleducation.com. This Web site offers activities and information relevant to preschool education. Under the Preschool Office tab, you will find articles that address various subjects, including children's social development. Choose an article that addresses social development and read it. Create a poster or bulletin board that incorporates the information presented in the article to help other teachers and parents with this concern.

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Web Links

Power Play: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly
http://www.preschooleducation.com

This Web site provides guidelines for teachers of young children when they engage in power play, the reasons why such aggressive play is appealing to some youngsters, and guidelines for dealing with such play.

Physical Games for Cooperative Play
http://northonline.sccd.ctc.edu

A good selection of enjoyable cooperative games can be found at this Web site.

The Anti-Bias Curriculum
http://www.ericdigests.org

This Web site consists of ERIC digests (educational articles). There are several articles that relate to the Anti-Bias Curriculum.

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Part V Case Study

The teachers of the four-year-old classes at Caring Hands Child Care Center have decided to plan the curriculum for the upcoming school year together. The school uses a theme-based curriculum. The teachers have decided to use the Self-Concept Curriculum model. Now they must begin to plan their themed units.

If you were one of these teachers, what unit themes would you suggest they include for the year?

The teachers have decided that the first unit of the year will be "Now I am Four" and will focus on each child's uniqueness. They know that although the children will all be approximately the same age, they may not all be at the same stage of development in all domains of development. As they begin to plan this unit, they remind each other that they need to develop a wide range of developmentally appropriate activities so that all the children can participate and attain success.

1. What steps would you recommend that these teachers take to develop this unit?

 

2. Reflecting on Chapters 9 through 13, what activities could you recommend including in this unit?

 

3. How can the unit be introduced to the children?

 

4. What can be a summarizing component for the unit?

 

5. Reflecting on Chapter 6, how can the teachers evaluate the unit and whether the children meet the objectives?

 

6. The Self-Concept Curriculum model has eight subsections and 32 curriculum units. What unit would you recommend these teachers select as their second unit? Why?

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