Name: 
 

Chapter 5



True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
 

 1. 

An architect designs buildings and creates drawings to reflect those designs.
 

 2. 

Specifications are written to give information that cannot be completely provided in the drawings or schedules.
 

 3. 

After a city implements a new zoning law, all nonconforming buildings are immediately torn down.
 

 4. 

Any line whose points are the same distance below or above an optical level’s line of sight is also level.
 

 5. 

During the excavation of a foundation, all batter boards are removed.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 6. 

When put together, plans, elevations, sections, and details constitute a set of ____.
a.
drafts
c.
schema
b.
prints
d.
templates
 

 7. 

____ are views of the structure as viewed from above.
a.
Plans
c.
Sections
b.
Elevations
d.
Aerials
 

 8. 

____ are small parts drawn at a very large scale.
a.
Refinements
c.
Details
b.
Elaborations
d.
Expansions
 

 9. 

A ____ schedule gives information on the kind of finish material to be used on the floors, walls, and ceilings of the individual rooms.
a.
window
c.
panel
b.
door
d.
finish
 

 10. 

The most commonly used scale found on blueprints is ____ inch equals 1 foot.
a.
1/16
c.
1/4
b.
1/8
d.
1/2
 

 11. 

A(n) ____ line is a fine, solid line used to indicate the location, length, width, or thickness of an object.
a.
object
c.
break
b.
dimension
d.
cutting-plane
 

 12. 

____ lines are drawn from the object, but not touching the object, so that the end point of the dimension is clearly defined.
a.
Extension
c.
Section reference
b.
Center
d.
Leader
 

 13. 

____ are used on drawings to represent objects in the building, such as doors, windows, cabinets, plumbing, and electrical fixtures.
a.
Characters
c.
Arrows
b.
Symbols
d.
Hidden lines
 

 14. 

Any hardships imposed by zoning regulations may be relieved by a(n) ____.
a.
waiver
c.
variance
b.
exception
d.
permit
 

 15. 

A ____ inspection takes place after the roof, framing, fire blocking, and bracing are in place, and all concealed wiring, pipes, chimneys, ducts, and vents are complete.
a.
foundation
c.
foreground
b.
final
d.
frame
 

 16. 

The ____ level consists of a telescope to which a spirit level is mounted.
a.
water
c.
contractor’s
b.
builder’s
d.
carpenter’s hand
 

 17. 

The compensator in an automatic level uses ____ to maintain a true level line of sight.
a.
gravity
c.
magnetism
b.
electricity
d.
air pressure
 

 18. 

A ____ is a point of designated elevation that is accessible at all times during the construction.
a.
target
c.
reference
b.
baseline
d.
benchmark
 

 19. 

After leveling a transit-level over the point of an angle, called its ____, loosen the horizontal clamp screw.
a.
measure
c.
height
b.
vertex
d.
base
 

 20. 

A(n) ____ is a device that releases a narrow beam of light.
a.
oscilloscope
c.
laser
b.
telescope
d.
lab scope
 

 21. 

To detect a laser beam, a battery powered electronic sensor target, also called a receiver or ____, is attached to the leveling rod or stick.
a.
detector
c.
interceptor
b.
transistor
d.
sink
 

 22. 

The dimensions of a building and their location on a site are determined from information in the ____ plan.
a.
lot
c.
foundation
b.
zoning
d.
plot
 

 23. 

To create a right triangle twice the size of a 3-4-5 right triangle, multiply each side by ____.
a.
2
c.
4
b.
3
d.
5
 

 24. 

According to the Pythagorean theorem, if building length is 40' and the width is 32', then the diagonal equals ____'.
a.
36
c.
72
b.
51.2249939
d.
2624
 

 25. 

Batter boards consist of horizontal members called ____.
a.
stakes
c.
tapes
b.
plumb bobs
d.
ledgers
 



 
Check Your Work     Start Over