Name: 
 

Chapter 7



True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

1. 

Early childhood education environments have difficulty achieving nutrition standards.
 

2. 

Approximately 72 percent of children in the United States between the ages of 2 and 5 years have what is considered a good diet.
 

3. 

Malnourished children do not receive the energy needed from foods that are available from macronutrients.
 

4. 

Childhood iron deficiency anemia is now the most prevalent nutritional disease in children 18 years of age and younger.
 

5. 

Obesity is especially prevalent among Hispanic, African American, and Native American children.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

6. 

Hunger is defined as a chronic shortage of necessary nutrients and according to that definition, more than __________ children in the United States are experiencing hunger.
a.
2 million
c.
3 million
b.
2½ million
d.
4 million
 

7. 

It has been found in the United States that nearly _______ percent of the country is overweight.
a.
30
c.
50
b.
40
d.
60
 

8. 

______________________ is defined when people do not always have access to enough food to meet basic needs.
a.
Hunger
c.
Food insecurity
b.
Malnutrition
d.
Misnutrition
 

9. 

The most common micronutrient that is lacking worldwide is ____________.
a.
calcium
c.
zinc
b.
iron
d.
potassium
 

10. 

Obesity is especially prevalent among
a.
Hispanic, African American, and Native American children
c.
African American, Native American, and Mexican American children
b.
Hispanic, African American, and Asian American children
d.
African American, Native American, and Asian American children
 

11. 

Childhood obesity can cause
a.
pediatric hypertension
c.
stress on the weight-bearing joints
b.
diabetes mellitus
d.
all of the above
 

12. 

Foods that commonly bring on allergic reactions are
a.
milk, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, wheat
c.
fish, soybeans, shellfish, chicken
b.
milk, eggs, peanuts, onions, wheat
d.
fish, soybeans, shellfish, oranges
 



 
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