Name: 
 

Chapter 4



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

A mortar hoe differs from a traditional garden hoe in that it
a.
is made of steel designed to resist the corrosive elements of mortar
b.
has a significantly wider head
c.
must be discarded after each use
d.
has two holes in its head to facilitate mixing the mortar
 

 2. 

Using a trowel, a mason typically takes mortar from this instrument before applying it.
a.
mortar board
c.
palette
b.
wheel barrow
d.
mortar bucket
 

 3. 

Mortar may be mixed in a wheel barrow or a
a.
tong box
c.
mortar box
b.
level area of dirt
d.
mortar board
 

 4. 

Shovels come in all types and sizes. Which of these is best for digging?
a.
round point
c.
“D” style
b.
square point
d.
short handle
 

 5. 

Picks, mattocks, and rakes are all types of
a.
mortar mixers
c.
breaking tools
b.
ground tools
d.
cutting tools
 

 6. 

Flat-bottom and tray are two types of
a.
shovels
c.
wheel barrows
b.
hammers
d.
trowels
 

 7. 

This hand tool permits quick, single-handed carrying of multiple bricks.
a.
tongs
c.
talips
b.
torans
d.
splitters
 

 8. 

Always avoid lifting loaded brick tongs above
a.
your waist
c.
your knees
b.
your chest
d.
your hips
 

 9. 

Mortar mixers, powered by gasoline or electric engines, may have drums as large as
a.
16 cubic feet
c.
2 cubic feet
b.
5 cubic feet
d.
100 cubic feet
 

 10. 

Prior to servicing a mortar mixer, you should always disconnect
a.
the wheels
c.
the spark plug or power cord
b.
the blade
d.
the barrel from the assembly
 

 11. 

A stationary masonry saw uses this to cool the blade and contain dust
a.
water
c.
air pressure
b.
sand
d.
hydraulic fluid
 

 12. 

Masonry saws always use this type of blade
a.
carbon steel
c.
diamond
b.
annealed steel
d.
gold plated
 

 13. 

To remove mortar, it’s most efficient to use a (an)
a.
electric raker
c.
paver splitter
b.
hammer and chisel
d.
tuckpointers grinder
 

 14. 

To fracture masonry units, rather than cutting them, use this device operated by mechanical leverage or hydraulic pressure.
a.
paver splitter
c.
block dicer
b.
masonry jaws
d.
telescoping plate
 

 15. 

A heavy vinyl or canvas bag with a metal tip used to fill mortar joints is a
a.
masons bag
c.
grout bag
b.
masons biddle
d.
grout insert
 

 16. 

To dispense grout quickly and in great quantities, use a
a.
grout gun
c.
grout pick
b.
grout ladle
d.
large grout bag
 

 17. 

Supported and suspension are two types of
a.
ladders
c.
scaffolding
b.
exterior brick wall assemblies
d.
ledges
 

 18. 

For supported scaffolds, a step-type end frame is often called a scaffold
a.
buck
c.
rig
b.
bat
d.
wall
 

 19. 

To prevent the tubular frame of scaffolding from sinking into the ground, use
a.
base plates
c.
wood
b.
poured concrete
d.
stones
 

 20. 

Dense Industrial 65 is an industry standard applied by OSHA to
a.
tubular steel
c.
sawn planking
b.
concrete bases
d.
cross-bracing
 

 21. 

OSHA requires all persons working on a scaffold to be
a.
union members
c.
covered by health insurance
b.
over 21 years old
d.
trained by a qualified person
 

 22. 

To raise materials, masons often use a pulley system with a wheel called a
a.
gin wheel or well wheel
c.
rigid wheel
b.
mason’s wheel
d.
round wheel
 

 23. 

This device is used to determine if footings, foundations, and other walls are aligned level.
a.
mason’s rule
c.
plumb line
b.
builder’s level
d.
t-square
 

 24. 

This type of level allows one person alone to verify level footings, masonry corners, and walls.
a.
mono-level
c.
bat level
b.
tripod level
d.
laser level
 

 25. 

To eliminate the need for constructing masonry leads, use
a.
corner poles (sometimes called masonry guides)
b.
plumb lines
c.
levels
d.
mattocks
 



 
Check Your Work     Start Over